Myanmar (Burma) is the nation with a lot of cultural heritage and these include musical instruments. One of the earliest records about Myanmar musical instruments were found in Chinese history which describe a musical band of Pyu Dynasty from Srikestra in 802 AD visiting Chinese imperial court of Tang dynasty. Thebronze images of this musical band is now in display at the Art and Craft show room at the National Museum of Yangon.
When you arrive in Myanmar (Burma), you will notice the faces of children, girls and women wearing yellowish paste. It is called Thankha in Myanmar language. It is the bark of the tree, botanical name as Limonia Accidissima.
It protects the skin from sunlight and makes the skin feel cooler in hot weather. It is a traditional cosmetic and also is a kind of whitening material herbal .It is believed to help remove acne and promote smooth skin. There has no allergy and also no side effect by using Thanakha. It is widely applied to the face of women, girls and children and is lesser used by men and boys.
When you visit to any pagoda in Myanmar, you will hear the peaceful sound of the pagoda bells come through the breeze.Bells are two kinds, some small bells hanging with the shape of banyan leaf inside, that can be seen hanging under the Hti (umbrella of stupa) are mostly made of bronze, silver and gold, and also offering around the planetary posts. Another kind is the bigger one hung on the pagoda platform what the people can strike it. Buddhist people strike it mostly three times to share their merits of praying or donation. Another person those who hears the sound of the bell says three time of “Thadu” which means “well done’’ in Myanmar language. And that person who says “Thadu’’ gets the same merit of the person who shared.
There has many big bells all around in Myanmar since the old days, nearly 89 tons of Mingun bell in Mingun, located in Sagaing Region, known as the largest bell in Myanmar now, it was casted since 1808 by King Bodawpaya for Pahtodawgyi Pagoda what we can see even from Ayarawaddy River. By size, it is the third largest in the world but the largest two from Russia which cannot be rung. So Myanmar people can be proud of Mingun bell as the largest ringing bell in the world.
When we visit around residential area in Myanmar (Burma), we can see local people are playing a typical type of a ball woven by rattan. It is Chinlone which means cane ball; it gets its name from the ball which is used in the game. It has been playing over 1500 years ago as a traditional sport in Myanmar.
It is a combination of sport and dance, more on creativity, not competitiveness, and no opposing team. It is friendly game played by both men and women and it is a popular activity at many Buddhist festivals that take place in Myanmar.
In 1911, U Po Thin went with the circus which travelled to India, Europe and America,and that trip made to introduce Chinlone as the first Myanmar traditional sportto export.
In 1924, they were invited to London by a group to perform at the British Exhibition, held at Wembley. While visiting they took time out to play at Empire Wimbledontoo. Other delegations cultural have seen Chinlone travel to China and Thailand but now Myanmar is inviting the world to visit its shores to take part and complete in this national games.
How it was played is; the players contact with six points of contact that are used to strike in Chinlone by the toe, the sole, the heel, the inner and outer sides of the foot, and the knee.